An Ayurvedic Perspective On Menopause

An elderly woman smiling with a hat on.

Menopause is the golden age for women. It is the time when the body has yet another transformation into a powerful state. It is a natural process that occurs in women around the age of 50, though it may occur as early as 40 years or as late as 60 years old. Many women ease into menopause, but others may struggle during the change. Preparing the body for the transition will ease the time feeling unwell and increase the time feeling beautiful.

During menopause, the ovaries stop producing estrogen and progesterone, halting the menstruation cycle. Estrogen is a hormone that speaks to the brain, cardiovascular tissues, liver, breast tissue, bone tissues, as well as the reproductive tract. It is no wonder why menopause presents symptoms such as irregular periods, hot flashes, libido changes, vaginal dryness, insomnia, mood changes, osteoporosis, weight gain, depression, as well as the increase in symptoms from other disorders such as diabetes, depressive disorders, or anxiety. Furthermore, estrogen communication may be disrupted by an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, excessive alcohol abuse, lack of sleep, and smoking.

In Ayurveda, menopause is a transition into the vata stage of life. The body feels dryer and rougher and may start to feel lighter. However, menopause can imbalance all the doshas, presenting the constellation of symptoms described above. Estrogen is a pitta hormone, communicating and transforming tissues. Progesterone is a kapha hormone that suddenly dissipates, leaving the body without the lubrication or the solid structure that vata uses to travel and the material pitta needs to use to transform within the body.

Estrogen directly influences the thyroid. Thyroid agni (or digestive fire) is one of the most important fires within the body. The agni of the thyroid is weakened with the decrease in estrogen. Metabolism slows down and general body communication becomes sluggish. Weight gain and slow liver metabolism are due to the change in the thyroid agni.

Though many things can go into the body to reduce menopause discomfort, some things should be avoided to increase health. Hair products and body cleansers contain chemicals that can alter estrogen signalings such as paraben and sulfates. Furthermore, facial cleansers, toners, and makeup may contain heavy metals. Chemicals such as these are not processed by the body and are easily absorbed by the various mucosal surfaces on the face. When using products that are placed on the skin, read the label to make sure the products are without parabens, sulfates, and heavy metals. If the label has something that is completely unreadable, it is best to avoid it.

Ayurvedically, treating the symptoms of menopause starts with a whole foods diet. Foods rich in phytoestrogens (plant-based estrogens) balance the estrogen deficit in the female body. Tofu, tempeh, and soybeans are excellent sources of phytoestrogen and are delicious sources of clean protein. Women who have hypothyroid issues should consult their physician before consuming a lot of soy products. Nuts and seeds provide safe and well balanced essential fatty acids, promoting the regulation of inflammation, and supporting the nervous system. Furthermore, nuts have large amounts of selenium which helps with muscle health as well as fat metabolism. Whole grains such as Indian Basmati rice and quinoa provide fiber and essential micronutrients for energy production. Leafy greens provide nutrients for detoxification from daily exposures and optimize kidney health. Arugula, kale, collard greens, and spinach are easily found greens that can accompany any meal. Reducing meat consumpt ion not only allows an increase in nutritious vegetables but also reduces the exposure to growth hormones and antibiotic byproducts that are used to raise livestock. Lastly, taking quality fish oils supports the gut, immune system, and nervous system. Fish oils and other healthy fats provide lubrication to decrease the dry and cold vata in the body.

            The body’s metabolism changes with menopause. These changes can affect mood, hormone production, and could increase general stress. Getting moderate exercise (exercise in which it is only slightly difficult to talk during activity) three to five days a week is key to keep the internal digestive fires strong and avoiding negative changes during this transition. Walking, yoga, biking, and swimming are great ways to release endorphins. This release mediates healthy hormone production and relaxes the nervous system.

            Strong, aging women tend to forget to rest and get adequate sleep.1,2 During this period in life, quality sleep is important to allow the body to reset. Falling asleep before 11:00 pm and waking before 7:00 am is ideal, aiming for about eight hours of sleep. Ensure to have a winding down period before setting the body to rest as well as a wind-up period once awoken. Gentle yoga or breathing practices (such as alternate nostril breathing) before and after bed will settle the mind and body.1,3

            Herbs may also alleviate symptoms of menopause. Cissus quadrangularis has estrogenic activity, which reduces hot flashes and helps to strengthen and maintain bone health.4–8,9–11Saraca indica is a uterine sedative that also nurtures ovarian tissue, slowing down the cessation of estrogen, and slowing the jarring effects on the body. Cimicifuga racemosa, also known as black cohosh, improves mood and stabilizes estrogen levels. It also decreases the number of hot flash events as well as the severity of those events.12–14  Dioscorea villosa is a yam that assists in antioxidant activity as well as provides estrogen metabolites for the body to use for further processes.14–17Terminalia arjuna improves blood circulation, reducing the feeling of cold fingers and toes, and helps control b lood lipids.18–21 Coral powder cools hot flashes naturally and provides calcium for bone and muscle health.22–25 Lastly, Ayurveda’s premier female tonic Asparagus racemosus is an adaptogen that can be used at any stage of life. It can reduce anxiety during the change to the golden age, helps with neurotransmitter regulation, and increases bone health.26–28  

            Small but powerful changes can reduce the negative aspects of a beautiful time in life. Many of the details here can be applied to all women and can be practiced with every generation of women in a family.

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